It’s never too early for your child to start learning math, and parents play a vital role in early math education. Parents can introduce math-related games and toys as well as teach their children how math is used in daily life. Teaching your child early math skills will build self-confidence and give them a head start in kindergarten. Researchers and educators believe there are five math skills that every child should have before starting school.
- Counting And Cardinality
Children should be able to demonstrate simple counting skills before kindergarten begins. Understanding the relationship between numbers and quantities and the ability to count up to at least 20. They will also need to learn cardinality which can be integrated into daily life. Cardinality tells how many things are in a set. When counting a set of objects, the last word in a counting sequence names the quantity of that set. You can have your child count their toys as they put them away, or count the steps it takes from them to work from one room to another. Board games are a great way to learn counting and cardinality skills. Your child can identify numbers shown on the dice or spinner.
- Operations And Algebraic Thinking
Children in kindergarten are expected to solve simple math problems using objects. Implement math problems during everyday tasks. Ask your child to take out the correct number of utensils or plates and ask questions like “how many more do we need?” Teach them how to add and subtract using fingers, drawings, expressions, and objects.
- Numbers And Operations In Base 10
A kindergartener should know that the number ten is made up of 10 ones. An excellent way to teach this is by playing with coins. Play store with your children and have them pretend to purchase toys using differing amounts of coins. Counting on fingers and toes will also help emphasize the numbers one through ten.
- Measurement And Data
Kindergartners should know how to identify objects by shape, size, and color. They are also required to place objects in order from biggest to smallest. Let them get involved in cooking and using measuring spoons or cups. They can sort laundry, toys, and utensils as they put them away.
Early geometry skills are essential including recognizing squares, circles, triangles, and 2D shapes. Parents can point out that tires are circles while on a walk or at the park. Ask them to look for other circles and shapes around them. Blocks, Legos, and puzzles are very helpful in teaching your child early geometry skills.